Saturday, 20 June 2015

New features of PHP 5.5 with Examples

New features of PHP 5.5 with Examples

Following are 5.5 new features.

  1. Generators has been added via the yield keyword.
    Generators provide an easy way to implement simple iterators.For Example:
     function xrange($start, $limit, $step = 1) {
        for ($i = $start; $i <= $limit; $i += $step) {
            yield $i;
      echo 'List of odd Numbers:';
      foreach (xrange(1, 9, 2) as $number) {
          echo "$number ";
  2. finally keyword added in try catch.
    In try catech, finally block will be called everytime, regardless of whether an exception has been thrown or not.For Example:
        try {
        //write code here 
      catch (Exception $e) {
          //Exception comes here
      finally {
          echo "I am called everytime";
  3. New password hashing API
    Password hashing API that makes it easier to securely hash and manage passwords using the same crypt() in PHP has been added.For Example:
  4. foreach now supports list()
    Now in PHP5.5, You can use list function inside foreach function.See Example
     $listArray = [
        [10, 20],
        [30, 40],
        [50, 60],
    foreach($listArray as list($a, $b)) {
        echo "A: $a; B: $b";
  5. empty() supports expressions
    Now you can use expression in empty function. For Example:
        echo "Its working";
  6. Array and String literal dereferencing.
    String and Array can now be dereferenced directly to access individual elements OR characters. For Example
    echo 'Array dereferencing: ';
      echo [10, 02, 30][0];//10
      echo "\n";
      echo 'String dereferencing: ';
      echo 'Web Technology'[0]; //W
  7. Class name resolution via ::class
    ClassName::class to get a fully qualified name of class ClassName. For Example
    namespace Foo;
      class Bar {}
      echo Bar::class;
  8. OPcache extension added
    The Zend Optimiser+ opcode cache has been added to PHP5.5 as the new OPcache extension.
  9. foreach now supports non-scalar keys. For non-scalar keys, an Iterator must be used as they cannot occur in native PHP array.
  10. Apache 2.4 handler supported on Windows
  11. Improvements to GD Library.

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